Testing for Diabetes

The following results indicate the presence of Pre-Diabetes:


4-5.6% = Normal Range

5.7-6.4% = Risk of Diabetes

>6.5% = Diabetes

The goal for people with diabetes is a HbA1c is less than 7%. The higher the HbA1c, the higher the risk of developing Diabetic complications.

If you are diagnosed with Pre-Diabetes, there are clear steps you need to take to lower your risk of developing type 2 Diabetes.

Can Type 2 Diabetes be avoided?

Being diagnosed with impaired glucose metabolism doesn’t mean that you will get type 2 Diabetes but you are at a 10-20 times greater risk than those with normal blood glucose levels.

Strong evidence shows that type 2 Diabetes can be prevented in up to 58% of cases in the high risk (Pre-Diabetes) population by eating well and exercising.

A Type 2 Diabetes risk assessment is easy using the Diabetes Australia Risk Calculator . A score of 12 or more means a person is at high risk.

Risk factors

Risk factors for Pre-Diabetes are similar to those for type 2 Diabetes which are:

  • Being overweight – especially those who have excess weight around the waistline (i.e.: more than 94cm for men and more than 80cm for women).
  • Being physically inactive.
  • Having high cholesterol.
  • Having high blood pressure.
  • Having a family history of type 2 Diabetes and/or heart disease.

Other people at risk include:

  • Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome*.
  • Women who have had Diabetes in pregnancy (Gestational Diabetes) or given birth to a big baby (more than 4.5kgs).
  • Those from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander background.
  • Those from certain ethnic backgrounds such as the Pacific Islands, Asia and the Indian sub-continent.


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