Testing for Diabetes
The following results indicate the presence of Pre-Diabetes:
4-5.6% = Normal Range
5.7-6.4% = Risk of Diabetes
>6.5% = Diabetes
The goal for people with diabetes is a HbA1c is less than 7%. The higher the HbA1c, the higher the risk of developing Diabetic complications.
If you are diagnosed with Pre-Diabetes, there are clear steps you need to take to lower your risk of developing type 2 Diabetes.
Can Type 2 Diabetes be avoided?
Being diagnosed with impaired glucose metabolism doesn’t mean that you will get type 2 Diabetes but you are at a 10-20 times greater risk than those with normal blood glucose levels.
Strong evidence shows that type 2 Diabetes can be prevented in up to 58% of cases in the high risk (Pre-Diabetes) population by eating well and exercising.
A Type 2 Diabetes risk assessment is easy using the Diabetes Australia Risk Calculator . A score of 12 or more means a person is at high risk.
Risk factors for Pre-Diabetes are similar to those for type 2 Diabetes which are:
- Being overweight – especially those who have excess weight around the waistline (i.e.: more than 94cm for men and more than 80cm for women).
- Being physically inactive.
- Having high cholesterol.
- Having high blood pressure.
- Having a family history of type 2 Diabetes and/or heart disease.
Other people at risk include:
- Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome*.
- Women who have had Diabetes in pregnancy (Gestational Diabetes) or given birth to a big baby (more than 4.5kgs).
- Those from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander background.
- Those from certain ethnic backgrounds such as the Pacific Islands, Asia and the Indian sub-continent.